High Accuracy HIV 1.2.O Rapid Test Kit

Short Description:

A rapid test for the diagnosis of Human Immunodeficiency Virus to detect antibodies to HIV type 1, type 2 and Subtype O qualitatively in whole blood.Serum or plasma.

MOQ:1000 pcs


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SUMMARY

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is the etiologic agent of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). The virion is surrounded by a lipid envelope that is derived from the host cell membrane. Several viral glycoproteins are on the envelope. Each virus contains two copies of positive-sense genomic RNAs. HIV-1 has been isolated from patients with AIDS and AIDS-related complex, and from healthy people with high potential risk for developing AIDS.1 HIV-1 consists of Subtype M and Subtype O. Highly divergent strains of HIV-1 were first recognized in 1990 and grouped provisionally as Subtype O as this variation has similar glycoprotein markers to HIV-1 but a slight variation to the protein marker. Although rarely compared to HIV-1 and HIV-2, infections caused by Subtype O have so far been identified in Africa (Cameroon), France and Germany. HIV-2 has been isolated from West African AIDS patients and from seropositive asymptomatic individuals.2 HIV-1, HIV-2, and Subtype O all elicit immune responses.3 Detection of HIV antibodies in serum, plasma or whole blood is the most efficient and common way to determine whether an individual has been exposed to HIV and to screen blood and blood products for HIV.4 Despite the differences in their biological characters, serological activities and genome sequences, HIV-1, HIV-2, and Subtype O show strong antigenic cross-reactivity.5,6 Most HIV-2 positive sera can be identified by using HIV-1 based serological tests. The HIV 1.2.O Rapid Test Cassette (Whole Blood/Serum/Plasma) is a rapid test to qualitatively detect the presence of antibodies to HIV type 1, type 2, and/or Subtype O in whole blood, serum or plasma specimen.


PRINCIPLE

The HIV 1.2.O Rapid Test Cassette(Whole Blood/Serum/Plasma) is a qualitative, membrane based immunoassay for the detection of antibodies to HIV-1, HIV-2, and Subtype O in whole blood, serum or plasma. The membrane is pre-coated with recombinant HIV antigens in the test line regions, T1 and T2. The T1 test line is pre-coated with HIV-1 and Subtype O antigen and the T2 test line is pre-coated with HIV-2 antigen. During testing, the whole blood, serum or plasma specimen reacts with HIV antigen coated particles in the test strip. The mixture then migrates upward on the membrane chromatographically by capillary action and reacts with recombinant HIV antigen on the membrane in the test line region. If the specimen contains antibodies to HIV-1 and/or Subtype O, or HIV-2, one colored line will appear in the test line region; if the specimen contains antibodies to HIV-1 and/or Subtype O, and HIV-2, two colored lines will appear in the test line region. Both indicate a positive result. If the specimen does not contain HIV-1, Subtype O, and/or HIV-2 antibodies, no colored line will appear in the test line region indicating a negative result. To serve as a procedural control, a colored line will always appear in the control line region indicating that proper volume of specimen has been added and membrane wicking has occurred.


STORAGE AND STABILITY

Store as packaged in the sealed pouch at room temperature or refrigerated (2-30℃). The test is stable through the expiration date printed on the sealed pouch. The test must remain in the sealed pouch until use. DO NOT FREEZE. Do not use beyond the expiration date.

 

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